SUN PROTECTION FACTOR
UVA vs UVB
UVA rays cause skin damage that leads to tanning as well as skin aging and wrinkles. The shortest wavelengths of UVA rays also contribute to sunburn. It’s important to look for the words “broad spectrum” on the label, which means the product has ingredients that can protect you from UVA as well as UVB rays
UVB rays cause sunburn and play a key role in developing skin cancer. A sunscreen’s SPF number refers mainly to the amount of UVB protection it provides.
Chemical Sunscreen vs Mineral Sunscreen
Chemical Sunscreens absorb UVA & UVB rays and contain ingredients such as oxybenzone, avobenzone, octisalate, octocrylene, homosalate, or octinoxate.
Mineral Sunscreens reflect UVA & UVB rays. Ingredients include zinc oxide and titanium dioxide.
Most sunscreens contain both Chemical & Mineral ingredients.