Moisturizers

Ceramides

Best for normal, combination & eczema skin types


-Ceramides are the glue of skin. They help the skin to retain its natural moisture. 

-Form a protective layer.


-Lipid fats found in high concentrations in the uppermost layer of the epidermis.

Examples of Ceramides:

-Spinich 

-Beets

-Sphingosine

-Phytosphingosine

Emollients

Best for extremely dry, dehydrated skin types.

-Emollients fill in gaps and spaces between skin cells that are missing moisturizing lipids. 

-Help keep the skin flexible & prevent cracks.

Examples of  Emollients:

-Shea Butter

-Cocoa Butter

-Mineral Oil

-Lanolin

-Petrolatum

-Paraffin

-Beeswax

-Squalene & other plant oils

 -Olive Oil (oleic acid)

-Triethylhexanoin


Humectants

Best for dry skin types but are suitable for all skin types.


-Humectants are moisture absorbers and work best in a humid environment. 


-They help to draw water to the skins cells and keep it hydrated.

-Be cautious using this during the drier seasons as it will draw moisture from your skin. 

Examples of Humectants:

-Propylene Glycol, Hexlene Glycol & Butylene Glycol

-Aloe Vera

-Alpha Hydroxy Acids

-Hyaluronic Acid

-Honey & Molasses

-Castor Oil

Occlusives

Best for mature, dry skin types


-Occlusives seal in moisture and are best for the body but are suitable for use on the face when using a non-comedogenic ingredient.

-Acne prone skin should avoid using occlusive since it is a heavier agent. 

Examples of Occlusives:

-Mineral Oil

-Petrolatum

-Lanolin

-Beeswax

-Olive Oil

-Argan Oil

-Jojoba Oil

-Avacodo Oil

-Sunflower Oil